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    Archived pages: 128 . Archive date: 2012-12.

  • Title: Easter 1916
    Descriptive info: .. Search.. Main menu.. Jump to main 1916 content!.. Jump to other 1916 content!.. Home.. Ireland in 1916.. Leaders Views.. Social Media.. The Rising.. Rising overview.. Day by Day.. Sunday.. Monday.. Tuesday.. Wednesday.. Thursday.. Friday.. Saturday.. Aftermath.. Witness statements.. The People.. A-Z Dramatis Personae.. Seven Signatories.. Joseph Mary Plunkett.. Éamonn Ceannt.. James Connolly.. Pádraig Pearse.. Seán Mac Diarmada.. Thomas J.. Clarke.. Thomas MacDonagh.. The British.. Women of the Rising.. The Places.. Places Overview.. A-Z of Places.. Explore.. Gallery.. Photos.. Video.. Schools.. Primary.. Secondary.. Welcome.. This digital cultural heritage application (DCHA) on the 1916 Rising is the final project of a MSc in Applied Digital Media at Griffith College Dublin.. It presents a redefined story of that revolution through rarely-seen pictures and witness statements.. Easter1916.. ie wishes to thank Kilmainham Gaol, the National Library of Ireland, the National Museum of Ireland and the Military Archives at Cathal Brugha Barracks for permission to reproduce some of their images from the Rising.. Message from Taoiseach.. Enda Kenny.. Ireland was part of the United Kingdom in 1916.. The country was ruled day-to-day by a British administration, based in Dublin.. But as Home Rule was shelved after the declaration of WWI, a new nationalism was sweeping Ireland which was both cultural and anarchic.. First came a political divide, then a revolution erupted on the heels of a literary renaissance.. It would eventually pave the way for a bitterly fought for Irish Free State.. Read more.. The Easter Rising lasted just seven anarchic days yet it is marked as one of the most tumultuous and significant events in Irish history.. Sixteen men associated with leading this revolution were executed within weeks.. Hundreds were  ...   such as the Dublin Bread Company (pictured right) didn’t survive the Easter Rising.. Others are now shopping centres and burstling office blocks.. The leaders of the insurrection had gambled on the British not using artillery in Dublin city centre, but the sight of the Helga on the Liffey with her guns trained on Liberty Hall quickly vanquished those thoughts early on Easter week, 1916.. In quelling the Rising, the British forces left a fiery trail of destruction in Ireland’s capital — as damages ran into the millions as new political powers faced the daunting challenge of rebuilding a nation.. The pictures that survived the Easter Rising tell their own story of a city under siege.. These galleries record what happened through the photographic evidence of institutions such as Kilmainham Gaol, the National Library of Ireland, and the National Museum of Ireland at Collins Barracks.. Some of the pictures are rare, others never seen before — but all evoke a myriad of emotions documenting a momentous time in Irish history.. The picture here, for example, shows British forces setting up a machine gun on a Dublin street as locals look on, seemingly impassive.. 1916 News.. Local cross border communities host 1916 event - Leitrim Observer.. Developer attacked over 1916 site - Irish Independent.. Varadkar planning 'Independence Trail' for capital - Irish Times.. The 1916 Easter Rising and the War of Independence that followed transformed the political landscape in Ireland.. You can explore the events leading up to 1916, the Insurrection itself and its aftermath through the lessons and activities provided in the Primary and Secondary sections.. Read more….. Sitemap.. Copyright.. Credits.. Contact Us.. Powered by.. SlideDeck WordPress Slider..

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  • Title: Easter 1916 | The Rising
    Descriptive info: >.. The Rising.. Overview.. The Irish Volunteers’ chief of staff, Eoin MacNeill, cancels rebel manoeuvres that are planned as a cover for the beginning of the Rising and there is deep confusion about what is to happen after the covert IRB plans.. The British may have been aware that something was about to kick off, yet no action was taken.. There had been a troika of catastrophes for the Rising leaders — Casement’s arrest, the Castle Document, and the countermand.. But the momentum of plans for the 1916 Rising and passionate leadership of the seven signatories would ensure that, after eight centuries of British rule, the Crown was about to encounter its latest Irish resistance — if only as a symbolic gesture.. Witness accounts tell of a city unhinged by wild rumour and propaganda as British troops finally arrive in force in a bid to quell the Rising.. An arrest in Rathmines leads to one of the most unsettling events of Easter week.. Vicious and bloody firefights flare in the suburbs as the British military encounter fierce rebel resistance.. Eyewitnesses recall the horror of Mount Street as the body count rises.. After the adrenaline-fired scenes of Wednesday with the Dublin sky illuminated by the flames of Sackville Street, in the cold light of  ...   for Defence.. Its aim was to record the experiences of those who played an active part in the Rising, or were affected by it.. In March 2003, the Irish Government released to the public these official witness statements from the Easter Rising.. These were first-hand accounts which shed new light on the dramatic events of Easter week, 1916.. Statements and material was taken from members of the Irish Volunteers, Cumann na mBan, the Irish Republican Brotherhood, Sinn Fein, the Citizen Army and relatives of those in no way associated with these organizations.. Dublin in ruins after the insurrection (Image courtesy of Kilmainham Gaol).. Irish Volunteers on training manoeuvres in the Galtee Mountains, Munster pre-Rising (Image courtesy of Military Archives, Cathal Brugha Barracks).. For more images see our.. gallery.. Find Us!.. This movie requires Flash Player 9.. Further Resources.. The GPO.. Address: O’Connell Street Lower, Dublin 1.. Telephone: +353 1 705 7000.. E-mail: heritage@anpost.. ie.. Web:.. www.. anpost.. Collins Barracks.. Address: Benburb Street, Dublin 7.. Telephone: +353 1 6777444.. Email: events@museum.. opw.. Kilmainham.. Kilmainham Gaol, Inchicore Road, Kilmainham, Dublin 8.. Telephone: +353 1 453 5984.. Email: kilmainhamgaol@opw.. Archives.. Bureau of Military History, Cathal Brugha Barracks, Rathmines, Dublin 6.. Telephone: +353 1 804 6457.. military.. NLI.. The NLI s 1916 personalities and perspectives online exhibition..

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  • Title: Easter 1916 | The People
    Descriptive info: The People.. Many people know the backgrounds of the seven signatories of the Proclamation of Independence.. They have featured on television and been the subject of books and ballads.. However, many of the lesser-known characters who played major roles in the Rising are also fascinating in the contents of modern history.. Women such as nurse Elizabeth O'Farrell carried out heroic deeds and saved civilian lives, while some of the insurrectionists and British military had even studied at the same schools.. The picture to the right is a sketch by Grace Gifford, wife of Rising leader Joseph Plunkett.. It is from the collection at Military Archives, Cathal Brugha Barracks.. They were teachers, poets, musicians and policitians.. The seven signatories of the Proclamation of Independence were: Thomas J Clarke, Padraig Pearse, Sean Mac Diarmada, James Connolly, Thomas MacDonagh, Joseph Plunkett and Eamonn Ceannt.. These biographies paint a picture of men gripped by a new nationalist fever that was sweeping Ireland since the late 1800s.. As their rhetoric became more militant, so too did their belief that Ireland could only achieve freedom  ...   a bloody and dramatic new twist with the Easter Rising.. The decision by the British military to execute the leaders of the rebellion, coupled with the threat from Asquith’s government of conscripting the Irish to fight in the Great War, alienated public opinion and would produce massive support for Sinn Fein in the 1918 general election.. The Seven Signatories of the Proclamation of Independence were all men.. But the part played by women revolutionaries in the Easter Rising has left an indelible mark on Ireland today.. They fought and died side-by-side with their male comrades and performed daring missions as sniper fire rained down in Dublin city centre.. No story of Easter week can be told without recording the role of women like Elizabeth O’Farrell in the years before, during and after the Rising.. William Pearse chats to his brother Padraig before the Rising (Image courtesy Pearse Museum/Kilmainham Gaol).. Fianna Fail.. Irish political party founded by Eamon de Valera and by opponents of the 1921 Treaty with London.. Fine Gael.. Founded in 1933 by supporters of the 1921 treaty..

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  • Title: Easter 1916 | The Places
    Descriptive info: The Places.. As the first World War raged in Europe, Dublin was also crossing the Rubicon.. At the end of a tumultuous Easter week, damage to 200 city centre buildings was estimated at £3m.. Around O’Connell Street — then Sackville Street — an area of 27,000 square yards of prime retail space was devastated.. Many city centre buildings didn’t survive the 1916 battleground.. Others now tell a remarkable story in the formation of modern Ireland.. Explore Dublin's key Rising locations with our interactive map, and read the A-Z of places to gain an insight into the drama of life in a guerilla battleground of a city centre rebellion.. ESB has head offices at Clanwilliam House, scene of one of the insurrection’s most bloody battles.. Kilmainham  ...   2011, relatives of the Easter Rising leaders were in discussions with the Government about plans to erect a bronze sculpture of the Proclamation in Moore Street.. The ongoing campaign aims to preserve the area’s links to the Easter Rising and prevent commercial development.. This interactive map lets the user visit the locations that formed the battleground for the Easter Rising in Dublin almost 100 years ago.. Scroll the locations, get directions for a walking tour or zoom down to Google's Street View for an ever closer look.. Go explore.. Key locations of the Easter Rising in Dublin city centre — click on the map to learn more and explore the scenes.. Rising tour.. Take a guided tour of the main rebellion sites in Dublin city centre..

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  • Title: Easter 1916 | Gallery
    Descriptive info: Gallery.. Eamon de Valera is arrested after the surrender (Image courtesy of Kilmainham Gaol).. Molly Childers and Mary Spring Rice on board the Asgard during the 1914 Howth gun-running (Image courtesy of National Museum of Ireland/Collins Barracks).. British troops manning the barricades across Talbot Street, Dublin in an effort to quell the insurrection (Image courtesy of Camera Press Ireland).. Cathal Brugha's Sam Browne Belt (Image courtesy of Kilmainham Gaol).. A British officer is released in Dublin after his detention by Irish Volunteers during the Rising (Image courtesy National Museum of Ireland/Collins Barracks).. Irish Volunteers Jack Doyle and Tom McGrath in the GPO during the Rising (Image courtesy of Kilmainham Gaol).. Rosary beads  ...   Irish Citizen Army man Michael Mallin (Image courtesy of Kilmainham Gaol).. Padraig Pearse with family and friends, including his brother Willie, before the insurrection (Image courtesy National Museum of Ireland/Collins Barracks).. British troops keep vigilant watch from a Dublin rooftop during a week of rioting which began with the declaration of an Irish republic on Easter Monday, 1916 (Image Camera Press Ireland).. Archive image of Irish soldiers, veterans from the war in France, blasting Republican strongholds from the rooftops of Dublin during the Easter Rising (Image Camera Press Ireland).. British soldiers having just arrived in Ireland, presumably Kingstown which is now Dun Laoghaire.. (Image National Museum of Ireland/Collins Barracks).. View entire gallery..

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  • Title: Easter 1916 | Schools
    Descriptive info: Schools.. Schools and the Rising.. While the website in its entirety may be used as a learning resource the Learn section is dedicated to classroom based lessons and interactive activities while at the same time offering an insight into the manner in which historians operate.. This section aims to provide students with a perspective of change in a world of change by developing in students an informed and critical awareness of their historical inheritance.. Primary Schools.. Have fun exploring the Easter Rising by developing knowledge and understanding of human activity in the past through easy to follow lessons and interactive, downloadable activities.. Students are introduced to the study of evidence, which encourages valuable insights into the roots of his/her own identity and inherited traditions.. Students experience the role of the Historian by communicating their interpretation of the past to others while at the same time allowing the opportunity for the enrichment and extension of language.. Primary Courses.. Secondary Schools.. The Leaving Certificate History syllabus covers the 1916 rising under the topic,.. Later Modern History - The pursuit of  ...   reasoned judgements.. The use of social media is promoted throughout the website and especially in this section to enhance collaborative experiences and the sharing of ideas.. Secondary Courses.. Connect with the Rising.. Why not share your class tour experiences, quiz results and exam tips with us on Facebook! Make a 1916 movie and share on Facebook or YouTube for your class to watch.. See our movie on Facebook and learn how we created characters and storyboards.. My Kilmainham Gaol Fieldtrip.. One of the largest unoccupied jails in Europe, covering some of the most heroic and tragic events in Ireland s emergence as a modern nation from 1780s to the 1920s.. Attractions include a major exhibition detailing the political and penal history of the prison and its restoration.. The tour of the prison includes an audio-visual show.. Tours may be arranged for visitors with special needs by prior arrangement.. GPO.. National Library.. Address: Kildare Street, Dublin 2.. Telephone: +353 1 603 02 00.. E-mail: info@nli.. nli.. Kilmainham Gaol.. Address: Inchicore Road, Kilmainham, Dublin 8.. Telephone +353 1 453 5984..

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  • Title: Easter 1916 | Leaders’ views
    Descriptive info: Leaders views.. Leaders views.. Their achievements shaped modern Ireland.. Fine Gael leader Enda Kenny and (right) Michael Collins, with whom the party has a strong affinity.. Every nation has historic dates etched into its national consciousness and 1916 is the seminal date in ours.. From the actions of the brave few who took up arms during the Rising flowed our current independence and nationhood and while we can and should look back on the historic events of 1916 with a certain pride, we must also recognise the suffering, pain and destruction that also occurred at that time.. The centenary of the Rising is now on the horizon and I believe it to be of the utmost importance that a substantial commemorative programme be organised in respect of the events which led to the foundation of the State.. Indeed, we are duty bound to appropriately commemorate these achievements that have shaped the modern Ireland we live in today.. Any commemoration should reflect not only on the military aspect of what was a difficult struggle but equally on the principles and vision which inspired the movement to achieve independence.. A broad and inclusive commemorative programme would bring to attention the economic and social conditions of the period as well as the shifting of cultural tides.. It is also my belief that the Irish abroad could also play a real role in this national effort.. As we move towards the centenary of this most important historical event, it is imperative that the social, cultural, economic, administrative and political environments that shaped it be understood.. I am confident that this new website will play a significant role in this regard given  ...   in the Rising.. Micheal Martin.. That we have one of the world’s longest-established.. democracies is their ultimate legacy.. In the rising of Easter 1916 patriots sacrificed their lives to give freedom to future generations.. They summed up their creed in a proclamation which is a remarkable and still inspiring call to action.. As Thomas MacDonagh defiantly told his court-martial: “Such documents do not die.. ”.. The objectives of the Proclamation and the Rising which commenced upon its first public reading were profoundly egalitarian, fraternal and democratic.. Its signatories were people of foresight, valour and distinction who espoused progressive politics.. The vision of the men and women of 1916 was of an Ireland united, independent and at peace; an Ireland that is equal and fair; an Ireland that is prosperous, and an Ireland that provides for all its people, young and old.. We do not have to search in order to find its continuing relevance to all who care about Ireland.. Many storied of the leaders of 1916 are well known, but there is so much more for people to gain if they take the time to read the primary sources and to seek a deeper understanding of the many others who answered their country’s call in 1916.. This website has brought together a number of important documents.. This material will be extremely useful for students of history and members of the public alike.. Preserving and promoting our history through new digital technology is extremely important and is making historical material much more accessible and interactive.. I want to thank all of those involved and wish them well with the project.. Michéal Martin, TD, leader of Fianna Fáil..

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  • Title: Easter 1916 | Social Media
    Descriptive info: Social Media.. There are no events to show at this time.. Lifestream..

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  • Title: Easter 1916 | Rising overview
    Descriptive info: Rising overview.. , the socialist leader, claimed just three copies of the final plan for the Easter 1916 resurrection were made, and none of them survived.. The events of the week from April 23 to 29 in 1916 are still shrouded in myth, confusion and astonishment as the 100th anniversary approaches.. In contemporary revolutions, images of the dead permeate cross-media platforms.. There are few or no pictures of bodies from the 1916 Rising.. However, it is believed more than 400 people were killed.. After the outbreak of first World War in August 1914, facts and witness testimony record there was passionate nationalist momentum behind plans for insurrection, conceived by the Irish Republican Brotherhood — bearing in mind the maxim that ‘England’s difficulty was Ireland’s opportunity’.. The outcome of the Easter Rising would change Irish history forever.. Molly Childers and Mary Spring Rice on board the Asgard during the 1914 Howth gun-running (pictures National Museum of Ireland/Collins Barracks).. Above right, Roger Casement on foreign assignment for the British government and, below, Irish Volunteers cheer as arms from the Asgard mission land in Howth.. In early 1914, the Ulster Volunteer Force, which had vowed to fight Home Rule by all means necessary, imported nearly 50,000 rifles and three million rounds of ammunition in Co Antrim and Co Down.. In response to this, on July 26, the Irish Volunteers landed 900 German Mauser rifles and 29,000 rounds of ammunition from the Asgard into Howth, Co Dublin — thinking the authorities would turn a blind eye.. British infantry had been sent to Howth to try to stop the landing, but they were jeered and pelted with stones by a crowd on Bachelor s Walk as they made their way back into the city.. The Brits opened fire and killed four people — the first evidence of blood-letting that would escalate dramatically between the Irish and British in the immediate future.. Inspired by the Howth gun running, and the potential to get German assistance for their cause, in May 1915, the IRB convened a Military Council to make covert plans for a revolution.. Senior activists.. Patrick Pearse.. ,.. Joseph Plunkett.. and.. Eamonn Ceannt.. were appointed its leaders, liaising with long-time IRB members.. Tom Clarke.. Seán MacDiarmada.. In January 1916 the Military Council agreed to mount a joint insurrection between the Irish Volunteers and the Irish Citizen Army, which was under the command of.. who was then co-opted to the Military Council.. A seventh member,.. , joined in early April.. Pearse and the IRB leaders exploited the popularity of the Gaelic revival to gather support for their cause and “by doing so the identified the language and games with a particular political ideology” which would be “feared by protestants and increasingly regarded as foreign and hostile”,  ...   field maneuvers were a cover for the insurrection.. On Holy Thursday night one witness living in Dundalk, Co Louth, Sean MacEntee, recalled preparing for the Rising.. “That night I went to Belfast to bid goodbye to my family and to buy surgical bandages and first-aid satchels, some Ordnance maps, a pair of binoculars, a prismatic compass and such other items of an officer’s paraphernalia as I could afford.. ”.. Just days before the Rising, MacNeill confronted Pearse, who confirmed that a revolution was imminent and that the Volunteers were under the secret control of the IRB.. MacNeill told the Volunteers that all orders of a special character issued by Commandant Pearse with regard to military movements of a definite kind were hereby recalled or cancelled.. He felt the Volunteers were not ready for such a seismic undertaking against their imperial overlords.. MacNeill changed his mind and withdrew the countermand when he learned of.. Roger Casement.. ’s imminent and bold attempt to land a cargo of arms from a German ship in Co Kerry.. A German ship, The Aud, was carrying the arms and arrived off the Kerry coast on Holy Thursday, but due to a calamitous communications failure it failed to make contact with the local Volunteers and was scuttled by its captain Karl Spindler, rather than hand its valuable cargo to the British.. MacNeill’s change of heart was further fuelled by the infamous ‘Castle Document’ shown to him by the IRB leaders.. The letter said the British were going to arrest him and all the other nationalist leaders.. The legitimacy of the Castle Document, supposedly leaked from.. Dublin Castle.. and read out at a Dublin Corporation meeting, is still shrouded in controversy.. It is accepted that.. , who had been ill, “sexed” it up in its final form as a ruse for war but even before his execution after the Rising,.. Sean Mac Diarmada.. believed it was an “absolutely genuine document”.. When it became known on Holy Saturday that Casement had been arrested and that the Aud’s arms were lost, MacNeill definitively countermanded Pearse’s order for the Easter rebellion.. This countermand appeared in the Sunday Independent.. MacNeill ordered that no parades, marches or other movements of the Irish Volunteers will take place.. Meanwhile, the Southern Star newspaper reported on Casement’s arrest, quoting a House of Lords reply.. It read: “A German submarine and a German vessel, the latter with false papers, and disguised as a Dutch trading vessel, made their appearance three days ago off the west coast of Ireland.. From the submarine there landed in a collapsible boat three individuals, of whom two were made prisoners, one of them being Sir Roger Casement, a gentleman whose name is familiar to my noble friend ”.. Easter Sunday, April 1916..

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  • Title: Easter 1916 | Sunday
    Descriptive info: Sunday.. Easter Sunday was designated as the day for the Rising, working under a plan devised by.. Plunkett.. , whose family estate in Kimmage, Dublin, was used as a Volunteer training camp.. But after news of.. Eoin MacNeill.. ’s countermand, the situation was in disarray.. Early on Sunday, the Military Council convened in.. Liberty Hall.. to consider the implications of the countermand as Michael ‘The’ O Rahilly drove south to take Eoin MacNeill s orders to the Munster units of the Volunteers, trying to enforce the order.. Helena Moloney.. was at Liberty Hall, the headquarters of the Citizen Army, on Easter Sunday morning.. “I saw Eoin MacNeill s countermanding order in the paper and heard the discussion in Liberty Hall.. Connolly was there.. They were all heartbroken, and when they were not crying, they were cursing.. I kept thinking, Does this mean that we are not going out? There were thousands like us.. Many of us thought we would go out single-handed, if necessary.. Newspapers carried reports of dramatic events in Co Kerry while (right) unsuspecting Dubliners went about their business on what was then Sackville Street.. Below right, Irish Citizen Army members under the banner We Serve Neither King Nor Kaiser at Liberty Hall (picture National Library of Ireland).. The Volunteer leaders decided to postpone the Rising until the next day, Easter Monday, to ensure they could get word to confused Volunteers that the rebellion was still ‘on’.. Pearse.. rallied the Volunteers with speeches rich in the ‘blood sacrifice’ rhetoric of martyrdom.. And.. Connolly.. , after studying ‘insurrectionary warfare’ in the late 1800s from cities such as Paris and Moscow declared: “Every difficulty that exists for the operation of regular troops in mountains is multiplied a hundredfold in a city.. That evening, Robert Holland, who was in the Fourth Battalion of the Dublin brigade of the Volunteers, was just one waiting for news.. At 6am on Sunday.. Con Colbert.. called to Robert Holland’s house.. Colbert told Holland “the mobilisation was off pro-tem but I was to mobilise all the men, telling them to stay in their own  ...   actions, outside of the capital at least.. “Absolute secrecy maintained by a tiny group of men, who were relying on the unquestioning obedience of the members of a nationwide revolutionary organisation, was bound to defeat their object of bringing about a revolution, except in Dublin where these men were, in fact, in a position to control events,” she said.. At.. Matthew Nathan.. Augustine Birrell.. would acknowledge that Ireland desired a revolution, but was without leadership.. But they did discuss raiding.. for arms.. There were also reports that British intelligence officers intercepted a telegram to Berlin giving the date and location of the rebellion — but they were still caught off guard.. Nathan.. had written to.. Birrell.. on Saturday informing him that the Irish Volunteers are to have a “mobilisation” — part of the supposed field exercises — but said he saw no indictions of an actual “rising”.. James Connolly and Padraig Pearse (right) tried to raise Volunteers morale after Eoin MacNeill s countermand (pictures Kilmainham Gaol/National Library of Ireland).. Around the country, many volunteers did head out on manoeuvres — unaware of either MacNeill or Pearse’s orders.. In Dunboyne, Co Meath, the experience of senior IRB man and Irish Volunteer Sean Boylan summed up the confused state of proceedings.. “On Good Friday evening I got written instructions from Pearse to the effect that the Rising would start at 6pm on Easter Sunday.. I do not remember who brought me this dispatch.. Two men came with it and I remember I had to acknowledge it.. At about 4pm on Easter Sunday evening a man called Benson arrived with a verbal message to say that the Rising was off.. He stated that Sean Tobin of IRB Headquarters had sent him,” he said.. When Boylan learned the Rising was on for Monday and fighting had broken out, he found it hard to raise his men again.. On the streets and in the suburbs of Dublin on Sunday, weary and disillusioned Volunteers discussed what was to happen, before a sleepless night, ahead of unimaginable bloodshed on the streets.. Easter Monday, April 24..

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  • Title: Easter 1916 | Monday
    Descriptive info: Monday.. Augustine Birrell was in London for a Cabinet meeting at Easter having left Dublin for the holiday period.. No military arrangements were put in place by the War Office after they learned of.. Casement.. ’s arrest and in Dublin, just 400 troops were in a state of immediate readiness.. Elsewhere, at.. , the guard consisted of just six soldiers.. Many were on holiday weekend leave, or planned to attend the races in Fairyhouse, Co Meath.. The Proclamation was printed that day on the printing press in.. with.. Countess Markievicz.. still fuming that.. MacNeill.. , had ruined the insurrection.. The failure to land the German arms, along with MacNeill’s countermand, had devastated what was left of the Irish Volunteers, leaving them dispirited and confused.. At noon on Easter Monday operations began, in reduced numbers.. Despite a small British military presence, the Irish Citizen Army brigade failed to take Dublin castle and (right) after killing a policeman Sean Connolly was also killed (images Kilmainham Gaol/National Library of Ireland).. In Dublin, the combined forces of the Volunteers and the Irish Citizen Army amounted to just 3,000 and the number of Irish Volunteers in the country as a whole was no more than 12,000.. As it turned out, apart from small numbers in parts of counties Wexford and Galway, the Irish Volunteers obeyed MacNeill’s countermand.. The rebels’ strategy was to occupy a number of defensible sites in Dublin and hold out until there was a general insurrection by the Irish Volunteers throughout the country.. Mac Diarmada.. led the Irish Volunteers from Liberty Hall to the.. General Post Office.. in Sackville Street (now O’Connell Street).. Elsewhere, Commandant.. Ceannt.. led the 4th Battalion to the.. South Dublin Union.. , and Commandant.. MacDonagh.. led the 2nd Battalion to.. Jacob’s biscuit factory.. (now the national archives).. Crucially, the rebels failed to capture the undefended centre of the administration at Dublin Castle.. Dr Edward McWeeney reads a copy of the Proclamation while (right) the flag of the Irish Republic flies over the GPO.. Witness.. Helena Molony.. described Abbey actor Sean Connolly’s attempt to take the Castle as she followed with other Irish Citizen Army women.. “It was at the castle the first shot was fired.. I, with my girls, followed Sean Connolly and his party.. We went right up to the Castle gate, up the narrow street.. Just then a police sergeant came out, and seeing our determination he thought it was a parade, and that it would probably be going up Ship Street.. When Connolly went to go past him, the sergeant put out his  ...   de Valera.. was in charge at.. Boland’s Mill.. and this detachment also covered Mouth Street Bridge, and Beggar’s Bush.. Barricades were erected around the city which led to clashes with civilians who, rightfully, objected to their vehicles and belongings being seized.. One elderly man was killed trying to reclaim his lorry near the Shelbourne Hotel.. The writer James Stephens, watching near the Shelbourne, heard one bystander proclaim: “The Sinn Feiners have sized the city.. At Fairyhouse, Ernest Jordison, managing director of the British Petroleum Company learned of “great commotion in the reserved grandstand” and “rumours of terrible happenings at Dublin”.. This flag of the Irish Republic was hoisted onto the roof of the GPO by Eamon Bulfin (image National Library of Ireland/National Museum of Ireland).. Back at the GPO, Pearse proclaimed the establishment of the Republic to ambivalent Dubliners.. Pearse began: “Irishmen and Irishwomen: In the name of God and of the dead generations from which she receives her old tradition of nationhood, Ireland, through us, summons her children to her flag and strikes for her freedom ”.. The Argentine-born republican.. Eamon Bulfin.. was given the job of hoisting one of two flags on the roof of the GPO.. It was green with a golden harp and the words “Irish Republic”.. The thing I remember most about hoisting it is that I had some kind of hazy idea that the flag should be rolled up in some kind of a ball, so that when it was hauled up, it would break out,” he said.. By the afternoon, however, the city centre was under rebel control as shops close, looting began and transport services ground to a halt.. With considerable hostility from the Irish public towards the Volunteers, James Stephens reckoned: “None of these people were prepared for Insurrection.. The thing had been sprung on them so suddenly they were unable to take sides.. Three of the unarmed Dublin Metropolitan Police were shot dead on the first day of the Rising and their commissioner pulled them off the streets.. Michael Mallin’s ICA brigade dug in around Stephen’s Green, and Countess Markievicz paraded the streets in full uniform.. But If these Volunteers were feeling bold, things would soon turn.. During a rainswept night, the Brits arrived.. Government troops slipped into the Shelbourne Hotel, unnoticed and unopposed by the rebels giving them a key vantage point of Mallin’s entrenched ICA forces below.. The initial British reaction to the Rising was one of Bank Holiday immersed disregard, but when the military commander General Lowe did act, it was decisive.. Tuesday, April 25..

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