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    Archived pages: 138 . Archive date: 2012-11.

  • Title: Welcome to the website of the Irish Association of Respiratory Scientists
    Descriptive info: .. Home.. About Us.. News.. Patient Information.. Lung Diseases.. Sleep.. Spirometry Course.. Forum.. Contact Us.. Module 2 Information.. Search.. Resources.. Links.. Privacy Policy.. Login Form.. Username.. Password.. Remember Me.. Forgot your password?.. Forgot your username?.. Welcome to the website of the Irish Association of Respiratory Scientists.. Welcome to the website of the I.. A.. R.. S.. The Irish Association of Respiratory Scientists is the representative body of professionals working in the field of pulmonary function and sleep assessment and measurement in Ireland.. Our members are employed throughout both the public and private health systems.. The aims of the I.. are:.. To advance the practice and delivery of respiratory  ...   to patients, their families and friends.. To facilitate dialogue and discussion with other professional associations and societies with common interests.. To represent our members interests in employment and related areas.. The website is available to members of the public to provide basic information about respiratory disease and the pulmonary function tests used to investigate them.. A private section for registered members only provides a wide of clinical, scientific and technical resources.. We welcome suggestions from members and non-members alike that willl help us to improve and add to the website in the future.. Copyright 2012 Irish Association of Respiratory Scientists.. All Rights Reserved.. Web Design.. by.. Volpet Software..

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  • Title: About Us
    Descriptive info: About Us.. Members of The Irish Association of Respiratory Scientists are employed in most acute general hospitals and many of the private hospitals in Ireland.. We are responsible for delivering the highest standards in physiological measurements to our patients in both respiratory and sleep medicine.. Many different patients are sent for pulmonary function (respiratory) tests.. Most of our patients are undergoing investigations for respiratory problems, but many patients are referred for different reasons.. Specialists in cardiology, oncology, rheumatology, neurology, dermatology, endocrinology, haematology, and infectious disease often request pulmonary function tests.. In addition to these specialist medical referrals, we provide services to surgical specialities including cardiothoracic surgery and heart transplantation, preoperative assessments, and general practitioner referrals.. It is the responsibility of the IARS to ensure our members are properly equipped to deliver accurate, efficient and patient friendly services to all of our patients.. To this end, the IARS offers opportunities for Continuing Professional Development to  ...   studies and to achieve advanced qualifications.. The IARS works to deliver internationally accepted standards – such as those from the ATS (American Thoracic Society) and the ERS.. The syllabus of the degree course in Physiological Measurement is constantly updated to reflect evolving and improving standards.. The IARS works in conjunction with the Irish Thoracic Society (ITS) to ensure all standards are consistently monitored and delivered.. As in other medical specialities, research is an important part of respiratory medicine in Ireland.. Members are involved in both in-house and international research studies in areas that will have long-term benefits to many patients, and we will continue to provide the necessary educational resources to our members to allow full participation in this important area.. The IARS is affiliated to the Irish Institute of Clinical Measurement (IICMS) and will ensure our members will comply with any standards or requirements produced by the IICMS in the matter of State Registration..

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  • Title: News
    Descriptive info: IARS Newsfeed.. RSS Feed.. Hermitage ad.. 09/11/2012 Part Time Position.. A part time sleep scientist post is available at the Hermitage.. Details available here.. Attachments:.. File.. Hermitage Ad Sleep and Respiratory Scientist 091112.. doc.. Locum Vacancy.. 02/05/2012 Locum Vacancy.. A locum respiratory scientist position is currently available in a CO.. Louth hospital, with immediate start.. Details available.. here.. Bons Glasnevin Ad.. 30/03/2012 Bon Secours Glasnevin Vacancy.. A position of Respiratory Scientist BAsic Grade is available in the Bon Secours Hospital,  ...   Job Offer.. 16/03/12.. A vacancy exists for a Basic Grade Respiratory Scientist in Tralee General Hospital, details available here.. Tralee Respiratory Scientist.. Vacancy Hermitage Clinic.. 01/02/2012 Hermitage Clinic Vacancy.. A locum Senior Respiratory Scientist position is open at the Hermitage Clinic, details available.. More Articles.. Spirometry Course Dates 2012 - Module 1 - 1 Day Course.. Newsletter Dec 2011.. Galway Clinic Vacancy.. Module 2 Launch.. Start.. Prev.. 1.. 2.. 3.. 4.. 5.. 6.. 7.. Next.. End.. Page 1 of 7..

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  • Title: Patient Information
    Descriptive info: Patient Information.. Many people are referred for lung function tests for a wide variety of reasons.. These could include investigations into shortness of breath, assessment of inhaler therapy, monitoring of the progression of conditions such as COPD, or one of many other reasons.. A brief outline of the common pulmonary function tests follows, which will give some basic information on the tests performed and what each test measures.. It is important to follow any instructions you may have received with your appointment letter regarding preparation for the test, particularly concerning the use of your inhalers or other medications before you are tested.. If you do not follow these instructions, it may not be possible to complete your tests, and this may mean a second visit at a later date.. Spirometry.. Spirometry is normally the first lung function test performed in the laboratory.. Spirometry measures how much and how quickly you can move air in and out of your lungs and is therefore useful in assessing airway function.. The patient is attached to a recording devices called a spirometer via a mouthpiece and is instructed to perform a couple of normal breaths before taking a full breath in and blowing out as hard and as fast as possible for as long as possible.. From this test the following lung function values are obtained:.. Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) -.. the amount of air you can forcibly breathe out after a full breath in.. Force Expiratory Volume in 1 Second (FEV.. ) -.. the amount of air you can forcibly breathe out in one second.. Peak Expiratory Flow (PEF) -.. measures the highest flow rate reached during a forced breath out.. FEV.. /FVC Ratio -.. the percentage of the FVC exhaled in one second.. All lung function results are expressed as a percentage of the predicted values.. Predicted values are calculated from population studies to give expected values for a person of similar height, age, sex and race.. A low FEV1 with a reduced FEV1/FVC ratio may indicate an obstructive lung disorder.. A low FVC and FEV1 but with a normal FEV1/FVC ratio may indicate a restrictive lung disorder.. Transfer Factor/Diffusion Capacity (DLCO).. The transfer factor measures how effectively oxygen crosses from the lung to the blood and is therefore useful in investigations of the function of the lung tissues.. At the end of a full breath out, a valve is opened and the patient is instructed to perform a full inspiration of a special gas that contains carbon monoxide in such small amounts that it is not harmful.. Carbon Monoxide is used as it has very similar properties to oxygen.. The patient holds the breath for a a few seconds and then breathes out again fully.. The gas analysers compare the concentrations of exhaled gas to the known inhaled gas and calculate the level of diffusion that has occurred.. Lung volumes.. Even after the patient performs a full breath out, there is still a volume of air left in the lungs to keep them inflated.. This volume is called the Residual Volume (RV).. Calculating the RV allows us to measure the Total Lung Capacity (TLC).. It is important to measure the RV and TLC in certain circumstances.. In obstructive lung diseases, the RV can be much higher than normal.. This is known as air trapping.. In restrictive lung diseases the TLC is lower than normal.. The RV and TLC cannot be measured directly by spirometry but is measured indirectly by three different methods.. Body plethysmography.. - the patient is seated inside an airtight box and performs normal breaths.. At the  ...   and may induce bronchospasm in sensitive airways.. To begin the test, the patient performs a base-line spirometry.. Then the first (lowest) dose is administered to the patient and spirometry is repeated immediately.. The above steps are repeated with a series of higher concentrations.. Depending on the test used, a drop in the FEV.. of 15-20% is considered significant.. The lower the concentration at which the drop occurs, the greater the sensitivity of the airways.. A short-acting bronchodilator is administered at the end of the test to bring the FEV.. back to the base-line value.. Exercise Testing.. Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test (CPET).. Patients experiencing unexplained shortness of breath on exertion may be referred for a cardiopulmonary exercise test.. CPETs are normally performed on a stationary bike or treadmill.. The patient is connected to a mouthpiece and flow sensor to record ventilation during exercise while a 12-lead ECG, blood pressure cuff and oxygen saturation monitor cardiovascular responses.. The test aims to exercise the patient to their maximum within 8-12 minutes.. By monitoring the responses of the patients heart, lungs and muscles to exercise, we can determine whether there is a cardiovascular or respiratory limitation or both to exercise.. Six-minute walk test.. The six-minute walk test is commonly used in pulmonary rehabilitation.. The aim of the test is for the patient to walk for as far as possible in six minutes between two cones positioned about 30 metres apart.. The distance traveled is recorded along with the patient’s perceived exertion using the Borg Scale.. The patient’s oxygen saturation is continuously recorded and the test may be performed with oxygen to assess the patient’s oxygen treatment.. Incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT).. The ISWT is a field test that simulates a cardiopulmonary exercise test.. The patient walks between two cones to a set of bleeps played on a tape.. The pace is initially slow but speeds up every minute as the bleeps get closer together.. The test ends when the patient is unable to reach the cones before the bleeps.. The number of shuttles walk is recorded and this can be used to prescribe the intensity of exercise.. The test must be performed at least twice as there is a learning effect.. Allergy Testing.. Skin Allergy Testing.. A skin allergy test tests the sensitivity of a patient to common allergens such as grass pollen and dust mite.. During the test, a drop of each allergen solution is placed on the skin on the underside of the forearm or on the back in very young patients.. A single use sterile lancet is used to pierce the skin underneath the solution.. After 15-20 minutes the skin is checked for any reactions.. The allergen may cause a reddening of the skin and produce a blister-like bubble on the skin surface called a weal.. A positive reaction is taken as a weal diameter of greater than 3mm.. Sleep Studies.. Patients with sleep breathing disorders such as obstructive sleep apnoea may be referred to the laboratory for sleep studies.. Sleep studies can range from overnight oximetry, measuring the oxygen saturation continuously during the night, to polysomnography.. Polysomnography.. Polysomnography (PSG) is a comprehensive test that measures many physiological parameters during sleep such as brain electrical activity, eye and chest muscle movements, airflow at the nose and mouth, chest and abdominal movements, periodic leg movements, heart rate and oxygen saturation.. Patients that are diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnoea may be treated with a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine.. Respiratory scientists may help in the selection and fitting of CPAP masks and also measure the response to therapy using PSG with CPAP..

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  • Title: Lung Diseases
    Descriptive info: Lung Diseases.. Pulmonary Function Tests are used to investigate and monitor many conditions, both respiratory and non-respiratory in nature.. These tests can also be used to assess a patient prior to undergoing a procedure such as thoracic surgery or radiotherapy.. Many departments also perform sleep studies to investigate a range of sleep disorders.. Asthma.. Asthma is a long lasting lung disease in which the muscle surrounding the airways in the lungs tightens, causing them to narrow, become swollen and fill up with an increased level of mucus.. It is caused by an over-sensitive reaction to certain substances like house dust, pollen animal hair and tobacco smoke.. Environmental conditions like hot or cold air can also have an effect, as can exercise or stress.. As a result of these changes, the movement of air in and out of the lungs is reduced.. Asthmatic patients may experience breathlessness, wheeze, cough and chest tightness.. Asthma can occur at any stage in life, but is most common in childhood.. It is also more common within families; you have a higher chance of having Asthma if a relative is an asthmatic.. In Ireland, nearly half a million have the disease.. In most cases, Asthma can be successfully treated and the symptoms completely reversed.. Treatment normally involves inhalers, but sometimes, oral medication is also involved.. These treatments reduce the airway swelling and tightening, decrease the level of mucus and open up the airways.. Avoidance of the triggers that bring on Asthma will also help.. Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis.. Pulmonary Fibrosis is a disease that affects the areas of the lungs in which air is exchanged.. These areas become scarred and inflamed to some extent, which affects the movement of oxygen into the blood and the removal of carbon dioxide (waste product).. In Pulmonary Fibrosis, patients experience a dry cough (doesn’t produce mucus) and breathlessness.. Another result of this scarring is that the lungs become stiff and more rigid, and cannot expand fully.. This reduces the capacity of the lungs and adds to the breathlessness.. It is a long lasting disease that gradually gets worse over time.. The cause of Pulmonary Fibrosis is unknown, but it is thought to arise from an excessive immune response i.. e.. a situation where the body attacks its own cells.. There is no standard treatment for people with Pulmonary Fibrosis and it may differ from patient to patient.. It generally involves attempts to reduce the swelling, but has had limited success.. In some cases, the disease becomes inactive itself.. Many studies and trials are now underway which are trying to develop a new approach to the treatment of the disease.. Pulmonary Fibrosis patients can be monitored with Pulmonary Function Tests.. COPD.. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is a combination of two lung diseases – Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema.. It is a  ...   attack foreign particles and germs.. In some cases, these cells organise themselves into groups or clusters, in certain areas of the body to fight infection.. In Sarcoidosis of the lungs, these clusters build up in the areas where air is exchanged and impair the transfer of oxygen and carbon dioxide (waste product).. They also cause these areas to become swollen.. Sarcoidosis patients experience breathlessness, loss of energy, tiredness and a dry cough (does not produce mucus).. Some cases of Sarcoidosis are resolved without treatment, but some need steroid therapy to reduce the swelling in the lungs.. Other cases get worse over time and the lungs become scarred and more rigid, which prevents them from expanding properly.. In Ireland, 1or 2 in 1500 people are affected.. Pulmonary Hypertension.. Pulmonary Hypertension is high blood pressure in the pulmonary artery.. This is the blood vessel that carries blood with a low amount of oxygen and a high amount of carbon dioxide (waste product) content to the lungs, so oxygen can be added and carbon dioxide released.. Narrowing of the artery and its branches causes the high blood pressure.. This reduces the movement of blood and impairs the exchange of air.. Also, the chamber in the heart that pumps blood to the lungs has to work much harder than normal, and becomes large and swollen, resulting in heart failure.. People with Pulmonary Hypertension experience breathlessness, dizziness, swelling of the legs or ankles and tiredness after work or activity.. It is a long-term condition.. Pulmonary Hypertension has many causes including heart disease, blood clots and lung disease and can be more common within families.. Some causes are unknown.. Treatment generally involves medication to reduce blood clots, reduce swelling of the limbs and widen the blood vessels.. Oxygen therapy may also be used.. Heart Disease.. Many diseases of the heart can also affect the function of the lungs.. Any heart disease that causes a reduction in the amount of blood supplying the lungs will have an effect on the exchange of air that takes place there.. Also, Heart Failure will cause a condition called Pulmonary Oedema, which is a build up of fluid within the lungs.. This impairs the exchange of air and also prevents the lungs from expanding properly, consequently reducing the capacity of the lungs.. Other heart conditions can cause a build up of fluid between the lungs and the rib cage.. This will also reduce the capacity of the lungs.. Sleep Disorders.. The most common sleep disorder is Obstructive Sleep Apnoea syndrome (OSAS).. Patients with OSAS experience reductions in blood oxygen levels when asleep due to repeated pauses and/or reductions in breathing.. OSAS is implicated in a number of instances including hypertension and an increased risk of being involved in a road traffic accident.. Other sleep disorders include insomnia and narcolepsy..

    Original link path: /lung-diseases
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  • Title: Sleep Information
    Descriptive info: Sleep Information.. Under construction..

    Original link path: /sleep
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  • Title: Spirometry Course
    Descriptive info: Spirometry Course.. I.. Spirometry Training.. OVERVIEW.. The IARS recognises.. that since its inauguration the number of healthcare professionals, other than hospital based respiratory scientists, performing spirometry testing has increased dramatically.. This increase is due largely to a global awareness of spirometry as an essential tool for assessing and monitoring respiratory disease, in particular the assessment of asthma and the early detection of COPD.. The IARS now provides a.. One Day Spirometry Training Course (Module 1).. as a basic introduction to spirometry.. It is aimed at those who have no knowledge or skill of spirometry testing, and also at those who would like to attend a refresher course.. It is a foundation course only.. IARS certificate of attendance will be awarded.. The IARS also provides a.. Spirometry/CPD Certificate Programme (Module 2).. This would generally be undertaken by candidates who have completed module 1.. The aim of the programme is to equip qualified healthcare professionals with the technical, practical, and clinical skills required to perform spirometry testing to a high standard.. The IARS in conjunction with the Dublin Institute of Technology has established this CPD Certificate in Spirometry for Healthcare Professionals to assess the competence of practitioners to perform spirometry measurements.. The IARS recommends Module 2 certification to all practitioners of spirometry to ensure quality data collection is maintained.. Module 1- 1 Day Spirometry Training course.. Please click.. for a list of available dates and venues.. Module 1 Application Form.. download.. Module 1 fee is €200.. 00 (includes course material and lunch).. Course content is available.. Registering and paying for Module 1 - 1 Day Spirometry Training Course.. In order to register for the IARS 1 Day spirometry training course, please use the link above to download the aplication form.. Please send the completed form to the centre providing the training course.. The fee can be paid using PayPal, our secure payment processor for instant payments.. Click 'Buy Now' to pay the fee, making sure to include your full name.. Your Full Name.. If you  ...   delays or inconvenience caused by late payment of course fees by any candidate.. Module 2 Application/Registation Form.. Module 2 fee is €250.. 00 (includes D.. I.. T.. registration fees).. Registering and paying for Module 2 - Spirometry CPD registation programme.. In order to register for the certification programme, please download, complete and return the application/registration form to : IARS Programme Administrator, c/o Respiratory Laboratory, St.. Vincent's Universit Hospital, Elm Park, Dublin 4.. The fee can be paid through PayPal, our secure online payment processor - clik the 'Buy Now' button to make a payment.. Alternatively the fee may be paid by cheque, payable to "The Irish Association of Respiratory Scientists" and sent to IARS Programme Administrator, c/o Respiratory Laboratory, St.. Vincent's University Hospital, Elm Park, Dublin 4.. Once registration and payment fee is received by IARS Programme Administartion you will be sent all documenation and you may begin the programme.. Module 2 - SpirometryCPD Registration Programme.. Consists of 4 elements and it is expected that all parts be completed within a maximum of 12 months.. Written assignment:.. 1500 word assignment to be completed within 6 months.. Learning log:.. Perform 30 spirometry tests on a variety of patient types.. Complete a set number of tasks.. Complete a 1000 word case study.. Submit learning log within 6 months.. Practical Assessment:.. You will be assessed performing a spirometry test on a volunteer by IARS appointed assessors.. The test must be performed according to the ERS/ATS 2005 guidelines for the measurement of spirometry.. The practical assessments will be held on a Saturday in November/May, repeats if necessary in December/June.. Venue and time to be confirmed closer to the exam date.. Written examination:.. 1 hour MCQ exam.. The exam will take place on the same day as the practical assessment.. If you wish to complete the entire programme within 6 months you can do so, but.. please note.. that you must pass the Written Assignment and the Learning Log before you can progress to the Practical Assessment and MCQ..

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  • Title: Forum
    Descriptive info: Error.. Registered Users Only.. This forum is open only to registered and logged-in users.. If you are already registered, please log in first..

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  • Title: Contact Us
    Descriptive info: Contact Us.. Thank you for your interest in contacting us.. Please find below our contact information.. We are looking forward to hearing from you.. By post.. The Irish Association of Respiratory Scientists (IARS).. Secretariat.. Respiratory Laboratory.. St.. James’s Hospital.. Dublin 8.. Ireland.. By e-mail.. You can also contact us by e-mail at.. info@iars.. ie..

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  • Title: FINAL Mod 2 CPD Cert Programme
    Descriptive info: FINAL Mod 2 CPD Cert Programme.. Programme is open with 2 registration dates each year (Nov/May).. Module 2 Application/Registation Form download.. In order to register for the certification programme, pleaswe download, complete and return the application/registration form to : IARS Programme Administrator, c/o Respiratory Laboratory, St.. Once accepted for the certification programme.. you will be required to pay the course fee within 2 weeks to begin the certification programme..

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  • Title: Links
    Descriptive info: Links.. National.. ASH Ireland: Working Towards A Tobacco Free Society.. Asthma Society of Ireland.. Department of Health and Children.. Health Services Executive.. Irish Institute of Clinical Measurement Science - IICMS.. Irish Lung Fibrosis Association.. Irish Sleep Society.. Irish Thoracic Society.. The Cystic Fibrosis Association of Ireland.. International.. American Thoracic Society.. Association for Respiratory Technology Physiology (U.. K).. Breathe - ERS Journal.. British Thoracic Society.. European Respiratory Society.. The British Sleep Society.. The Transplantation Society.. Australian and New Zealand Society of Respiratory Science.. Test link..

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    Archived pages: 138